What are dApps?

Along with smart contracts, decentralized applications (dApps) are one of the many exciting uses of blockchain technology. 

Never enter your 12-word secret recovery phrase or private keys into a dApp. If a dApp requests your 12-word phrase or private keys, it is trying to steal your crypto.


In this article:


What are dApps?

DApps are decentralized applications that run on blockchain networks that support smart contracts, such as Ethereum and Solana. DApps combine smart contracts with user interfaces to create an easy-to-use app. All the rules of the dApp are written in the smart contract.

The applications are called “decentralized” because blockchain platforms like Ethereum and Solana are decentralized and run on various servers or computers around the world, instead of on one server or controlled by a single person or organization.

Please note: Exodus is a non-custodial software wallet that provides the interface for you to connect to the world of DeFi and dApps. DApps are platforms that are external to Exodus, so please make sure to do your own research before connecting! For more information, you can read our guide: Safety and security for DeFi and dApps.


What are some examples of dApps?

DApps, like their centralized counterparts, can have a variety of use cases. Here are some notable dApps:

Ethereum dApps

  • Augur - Prediction marketplace on the Ethereum blockchain.
  • Golem - Marketplace for renting computing power on the Ethereum blockchain.
  • Siacoin - Marketplace for cloud storage that runs on its own blockchain.
  • Bancor - Exchange on the Ethereum blockchain that allows users to trade blockchain tokens like ERC20 tokens.
  • Compound Finance - A decentralized lending and borrowing platform that allows users to earn interest on their lending, or borrow what they need.

Solana dApps

  • Jupiter - Liquidity aggregator designed for the Solana network.
  • MagicEden - NFT marketplace and gaming hub.
  • Mango Markets - Decentralized trading platform.
  • Marinade Finance - Non-custodial liquid staking protocol.
  • MeanFi - Non-custodial and permissionless bank that specializes in managing recurring crypto payments.
  • Mercurial Finance - Stablecoin yield farming hub.
  • OpenSea on Solana - NFT marketplace built on the Solana network.
  • Raydium - Automated market maker.
  • Step Finance - DeFi and dApp dashboard and manager.
  • Tulip - Yield farming hub.

What are the benefits of dApps?

DApps have a number of benefits over centralized applications.

No single point of failure

Centralized applications are the basis of today’s internet, with a majority of the world’s population using them every day. While these applications have added a lot of value to the lives of many, they do have issues, a big one being the fact that they are single points of failure.

When immensely popular centralized applications like Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp, Gmail, and Google Drive go down for long periods of time, not only do users lose access to social networking, email, and storage services, but businesses who rely on these platforms do, too. This of course impacts business operations and profitability. dApps on the other hand, can’t go down as easily unless all nodes (servers or computers) in a blockchain go offline at once (highly unlikely scenario).

Censorship-resistant

Centralized applications like Facebook and Twitter have become popular to the point where billions of people post content to these platforms daily.

Since the companies behind these applications, and not the users themselves, control these platforms, they have the power to allow and disallow certain users and types of content. In other words, the companies controlling the applications control a large part of online public discourse and can ban people with certain viewpoints.

Of course, this is very dangerous in a democratic and open society. dApps provide an alternative to potential censorship on centralized applications since users can post what they want without fear of being censored. In fact, many dApps, such as Dtube, Steemit, Minds, etc. have been created for this purpose.

Wider distribution of value

While many centralized applications have added tons of benefit to our lives, the value created by them has largely gone to the application’s creators and investors and not the users themselves. This is unfortunate considering that the users are the ones who generate much of the applications’ activity. For example, Facebook does not create content but its users do millions of times a day.

YouTube is notorious for demonetizing videos, and frequently adjusting the rules to appease advertisers. Content creators have expressed concern and frustration about this as YouTube seems to be prioritizing the whims of advertisers over the feedback of content creators who bring users to the platform.

Decentralized applications, on the other hand, can level the playing field and reward all parties involved. By giving users the power to reward content they enjoy, creators are able to produce content that is suitable for their audiences, and not have to worry about being advertiser-friendly. For example, on Steemit, instead of one individual or organization benefiting, such as through advertiser money (Facebook, Instagram, etc.) from user-posted content, users are paid from a daily rewards pool for valuable contributions, upvoting popular content early, and more.


What's the future of dApps?

DApps are still new technology, but some believe that they could lead to a new type of Internet, where much of the Internet-based applications we use run on decentralized networks. This is known as Web3.

DApps are being created in industries as varied as dentistry, music, photography, reputation management, pensions, employment, and more!

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